As the summer is coming up, more late-night chill sessions happen on patios and decks around the world.
However, building a deck can be a large endeavor on the surface, but in reality, if you follow some simple steps, you can get the patio of your dreams relatively cheaply and easily.
In this article, we will be investigating everything to deal with mostly staining and sealing pressure treated wood that you can use on your deck/patio.
But first, let us know – why do you actually need to stain pressure-treated wood in the first place?
Most pressure-treated lumber woods come with special markings (stamped) and an end tag that can help you know whether the wood is treated or not.
Many of these stamped markings on the lumber would also indicate whether the wood is rated for “ground contact” or “above ground use” only.
Smelling the wood for a unique oily smell (due to chemicals present) can also help you know if the wood is already treated.
No matter it’s treated or not, wood is susceptible to rotting especially when it is constantly bombarded by solar rays, moisture from rain and snow, or even wind.
However, lucky for us, staining treated wood can increase its lifespan to many-fold.
Not only stain adds extra protection against the previously mentioned hazards by added preservatives and chemicals but also it will give the wood a fresh new look.
How to Stain Your Pressure Treated Wood Deck?
Remember – staining a new pressure-treated wood too soon is not good unless it is completely dry and ready to stain.
When you see that the wood is ready you should start by choosing the right tools and stain that is designed for staining treated wood.
So, let’s jump into the steps right here.
Step 1: Gather Your Tools
To stain wood in general, you will only need a few tools. You will need a few scrub brushes and a few paint brushes.
You will need some safety equipment such as gloves when you work with the stain.
And of course, you will need a paint mixer (or paint stirrer sticks) and some paint can openers.
Finally, you will also need to have a pressure washer as it is important in this process.
For materials, it is pretty self-explanatory.
You will simply need wood stain and deck cleaner. The amount of course will be based on the size of the project.
You will have to look at the specific sealer and stain you are using to determine how much surface area you can cover.
Step 1: Choose the Deck Stain
There are tons of different types of stains that you can choose from.
However, we can give you some recommendations when it comes to choosing best stain for pressure treated deck.
Two options you have to choose is a transparent or a semi-transparent stain.
A clear or transparent stain (like Thompsons Waterseal Transparent Waterproofing Stain) does not contain a lot of pigmentation.
Its therefore a good option if you prefer to choose a less stronger stain.
A semi-transparent (like DEFY Extreme) is probably the more common stain type that has a lot of stronger colors and pigments that are ideal for pressure-treated wood.
When trying to figure out among the best available options you should know how your lumbar was actually treated.
The other big step is choosing the color of the stain...
There are dozens of various types, but we will split them into two options, lighter colors and darker colors.
And these colors are exactly what you think. Lighter colors are more yellow and bright while darker colors are browner and darker.
This is mostly your preference, but if you plan on keeping this wood for a long time, we suggest staining with a lighter color, as in the future you will be able to stain it again with a darker color.
Plus, if you know a little about light, you will know lighter colors will absorb less heat than darker colors, which is better for the long-term lifespan of the wood.
Step 2: Prepare the Wood
Before we stain, we have to make sure the wood is nice and clean.
Although this step may not be important if you have brand new wood, this is absolutely required if you are using wood that is old or dirty.
You may be able to get away with a quick wash with your hose, but we recommend doing a deep clean of the weathered wood.
To deep clean your wood, you will need a deck cleaner. Any old deck cleaner should do just fine, and you should be able to just follow the instructions on the can.
After a short waiting period, we will want to wash it off with a pressure washer to remove the cleaner and any stains that would be on the wood.
Before we stain, we will want the wood to be dry, so move it to a nice dry place where it can dry and wait about 24 hours.
Step 3: Prepare to Stain
Stain can be extremely tricky to work with, so make sure you read this section all the way through.
Before we even begin, we will need a place for it to dry, however it should not be in direct sunlight as the stain will dry too fast and it shouldn’t be inside a house due to the strong smells associated.
If this can’t be done, like on a wooden fence, you will be fine as long as you do it properly.
We will want to use tarps or painters’ tape to protect the environment near the wood that is about to be stained.
It may be even better moving as much as you can away. This is a really important step as wood stain will stain anything.
Cleaning any spilled or accidental stained things is extremely difficult, so if you can avoid it, that will be best.
We are almost ready to stain pressure treated wood on deck, but there are a couple minor steps.
You should brush the wood one more time with a brush to remove any dust or leaves that may have fallen on it overnight.
Quickly read through the wood stain’s instructions to make sure you know how to use it.
And finally, you should practice applying the stain using your preferred deck stain applicator on a piece of scrap wood to make sure you know how and are satisfied with the pigment.
Step 4: Start Staining
Finally, we can actually stain the wood!
You may be able to get away with a roller but we recommend using a paintbrush for most of it so you can get in cracks and crannies.
One coat is probably fine, but it totally depends on the project, the stain, and the wood itself.
Make sure you stain every part, even the ends.
And on vertical pieces of wood, make sure you start at the top and make your way down, working with gravity.
Before doing anything else with the stained wood, make sure you wait 24 hours for the stain to dry or whatever the stain recommends.
When Should You Stain Pressure Treated Wood?
This entire article has been talking about staining wood and hinting at staining pressure treated wood.
However, there is a little secret we haven’t told you – which is about the right time to stain the wood.
For getting the best results it’s recommended that you stain your pressure-treated decking area when the temperature is between 50 and 90 degrees.
Also, avoid staining in direct sunlight.
Before staining you would also need to make sure that your wooden deck is clean and dry.
As you may know, pressure-treated wood is simply wood that has chemicals in it to repel water and in general make it stronger.
However, in this process, the piece of wood gets incredibly wet, and to be frank, you can’t use stain on a wet piece of wood as it won’t stay on.
To fix this small little issue, we have a few options.
Picking a different type of wood is the easiest way. There are a few different types of pressure-treated wood that have already been dried.
At the hardware store, look for “kiln-dried” wood, as the name implies, it has been dried out already for you in a kiln.
If you have freshly pressure-treated wood, you will have to dry it out yourself. Simply put it in an open space, preferably with a lot of airflows.
The time you will have to wait will vary from project to project but expect it to take a few days to a couple of weeks.
To determine if the pressure treated wood is dry enough, we can use the sprinkle test.
As the name implies, all you do is sprinkle water on the wood.
If the water is absorbed in the wood within ten minutes, it is ready to stain.
However, if the water just sits on top in a pool, you will have to wait more time for it to dry.
Whenever it is completely dry, you should be able to stain it effectively.
What to Do with Leftover Wood That is Not Paintable?
For a completely weathered and old deck wood, it is nearly impossible to get them stained for reuse.
If you anyhow do it, it may not last longer and is therefore not worth your time and investment.
Investing in a new lumber wood and rebuilding your decking is a good option in this case.
Fortunately, there are also a few things you can do with your leftover pressure-treated wood rather than just leaving the scraps leftover as wasted.
Scraps of pressure-treated wood that is leftover are more or less reusable.
One of the greatest ways is therefore to use it for building other smaller structures inside or outside your home.
2- Free Give Away
If you find no use of your old leftover wood, you can always give them for free to someone who is in need or can use it better.
You can simply pile them outside in your yard and have a signpost written “Free Treated Wood.”
Within a few days, you will be surprised to see how many people are interested and actually willing to take them for free.
3- Check for Available Land Fills
Since you cannot burn the pressure treated wood (due to the very toxic compounds it has), dumping them inside a landfill can be another good way to dispose them off safely.
For this you will need to get in contact with your local authorities.
They can help you know about the availability of any landfills near you where you can dump the toxic treated wood.
4- Ask Your Trash Service to Clear
Contacting your local trash service can be another good way to dispose of your pressure treated wood.
Although this is not their job, they might help you clear off your area if you have loads of unwanted pressure treated.
5- Sell the Leftover at a Price
Besides all these, selling the leftover at a cheaper price is also a great way for re purposing that old treated lumber wood.
You can find someone who is in need and can pay you some price for the wood.
This option can be especially beneficial if you have a huge amount of timber wood scraps that you want to dispose of.
The Bottom Line
Staining is super important in most wood projects, especially ones where the end result will be outside.
While you can easily stain the pressure-treated wooden deck in a DIY way, the stain may not last long if you do not follow the right procedure.
Make sure you choose the best stain quality and complete the task with patience.
If, however, your old deck is completely weathered it’s good to dispose of the wood safely and rebuild rather than staining.
Jack Luis is a semi-retired painter who loved painting his clients’ ideas on their walls.
He had worked as a painter for more than a decade to serve the customers in areas such as Charleston, Mount Pleasant, Beaufort, Georgetown, SC (South Carolina). Today in his free time, he likes to read and write about the newer techniques that are being implemented in his profession. You may read more about him here or get in touch with him here.
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