Roof trusses and rafters for houses, sheds, and garages are generally made from the timber of different sizes or steel.
When it comes to finishing, trusses and rafters can be left natural, or they can be painted.
Many people love the idea of getting an exposed look while keeping them looking clear and natural, but others would rather not bother with the upkeep and would just as soon paint them.
So, what are the pros and cons? And what should you ideally choose if you are getting new trusses and rafters installed?
Well, both choices have benefits and drawbacks, so it’s essential to understand the options before making a decision.
In this post, I will discuss both options (with a bonus one) and help you decide what to do with your new timber roof trusses.
Painted Roof Trusses
When you install wooden roof trusses, you will anyhow need to finish them. Do not keep the exposed timber raw, as the elements will damage it.
The best way to protect your investment is to either stain or paint the wood.
One of the benefits of painting your roof trusses is that it will give them a more uniform look.
If you choose to go with a different color than the rest of your house, it can also add a bit of contrast and interest.
Another big advantage is that it will make them much easier to clean. When you paint the trusses, it will act as a sealant, and dirt and grime will not be able to penetrate as easily.
You will need to give them a once-over with a hose every now and then, and they will look as good as new.
On the downside, painting your roof trusses will require more maintenance than leaving them natural.
You will need to repaint them every few years to keep them looking their best.
And if you live in an area with many trees, you will probably find yourself repainting more often as the sap and leaves can stain the paint.
If you do decide to paint or stain your roof trusses, make sure to use high-quality exterior paint/stain that is designed to withstand the elements.
You will also need to take care when painting around windows or skylights to avoid getting any paint on the glass.
Natural Looking Timber Trusses
If you have that “lovely natural wood” instinct, you can put up a clear natural finish such as polyurethane, lacquer, or a shellac varnish.
Unlike painted or stained, varnished trusses will allow your wood grains to “pop out” and give the timber roof trusses a beautiful natural look.
If you decide to leave your roof trusses natural, you will find that they require very little maintenance.
You won’t need to repaint or restain them every few years, and they will still look new.
And if you live in an area with a lot of trees, you won’t have to worry about the sap and leaves staining the wood.
One of the drawbacks of leaving your roof trusses looking natural and transparent is that they can start to look dull and weathered over time.
If you want to keep them looking their best, you will need to give them a fresh coat of finish in at least 2-3 years.
Another thing to remember is that if you have any windows or skylights, the sun can cause the wood to fade.
So, you may want to consider painting your roof trusses if you have a lot of sun exposure.
Whitewashed Timber Trusses
Another popular option is to whitewash your roof trusses made of wood. This can be either kept in its natural state (white) or sealed with a tinted coating to protect it from the elements.
Whitewashing gives your roof trusses a rustic look while allowing some grain of wood to show through.
One of the benefits of whitewashing is that it can help to brighten up a dark space.
If you have a dark-colored home, whitewashing your roof trusses can help to make it appear lighter and airier.
Another benefit of whitewashing is that it can help to protect the wood from weathering.
The cons of whitewashing the timber trusses are that it can be challenging to achieve an even finish, and it can be time-consuming to apply the whitewash evenly.
If you are considering whitewashing your roof trusses, you will need to decide whether you want a natural or a tinted finish.
You will also need to decide how much of the grain of wood you want to show through so that you can work accordingly and put up additional coats.
While whitewashing can be easier, it doesn’t offer the same level of protection as painting or natural varnishes like lacquer, simply because this is not oil-based but a water-based finish.
What if My Exposed Rafters are Steel?
Steel is also a go-to material for exposed rafters as it has a clean, modern look that can complement any home style.
It is also a solid and durable material that can withstand the elements without needing any finish (paint, stain, or varnish).
Steel is a great option if you are looking for a low-maintenance material with a sleek, modern look.
The only downside to using steel for your exposed rafters is that it can be expensive.
And over time, it can form rust, tarnish, or dull. If not, you may get bored of the monotonous look of it.
So, you may need to have the steel repainted or refinished to keep it looking its best.
A few things – like a house’s age and exterior surface – can affect the type of paint to use and the necessary painting steps.
Also, exposure to the elements (e.g., extreme weather) can play a role in determining these factors.
The first stage is to clean the old steel rafters. Cleaning the steel trusses to be painted is essential since dust, oils, or rust may accumulate.
Depending on the condition of the steel, you can use methods like sanding, scrubbing, brushing, or media blasting (which will require a skilled technician and special equipment).
Once you have achieved the adequate surface for the new paint to adhere to, you can paint over the steel roof trusses in the second step.
A coat of zinc primer (comparable to galvanization) followed by epoxy two-component paint is usually a good fit for exposed steel roof trusses subjected to high humidity.
But depending on the kind of look and finish you desire to achieve, you can also use acrylic paints, enamel, or intumescent coatings to add beauty and shine to the steel trusses and rafters.
The Bottom Line
It’s really up to you whether you want to paint your timber roof trusses or not – the main thing is to consider the pros and cons of each option before making a decision.
Paint does offer a great deal of protection to your timber roof trusses from the elements and pests, but it does require regular maintenance.
To add texture to the ceiling and interest, paint them completely white, so they are not as visually prominent.
Let them stand out in natural wood grain to make a statement, or whitewash them to keep the room calmer.
All of them will add an apparent distinguishing feature, which can be an excellent design choice.
Jack Luis is a semi-retired painter who loved painting his clients’ ideas on their walls.
He had worked as a painter for more than a decade to serve the customers in areas such as Charleston, Mount Pleasant, Beaufort, Georgetown, SC (South Carolina). Today in his free time, he likes to read and write about the newer techniques that are being implemented in his profession. You may read more about him here or get in touch with him here.
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